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Residual Networks, or ResNets, learn residual functions with reference to the layer inputs, instead of learning unreferenced functions. Instead of hoping each few stacked layers directly fit a desired underlying mapping, residual nets let these layers fit a residual mapping. They stack residual blocks ontop of each other to form network: e.g. a ResNet-50 has fifty layers using these blocks.

How do I use this model on an image?

To load a pretrained model:

import timm
model = timm.create_model('resnet18', pretrained=True)

To load and preprocess the image:

import urllib
from PIL import Image
from import resolve_data_config
from import create_transform

config = resolve_data_config({}, model=model)
transform = create_transform(**config)

url, filename = ("", "dog.jpg")
urllib.request.urlretrieve(url, filename)
img ='RGB')
tensor = transform(img).unsqueeze(0) # transform and add batch dimension

To get the model predictions:

import torch
with torch.no_grad():
    out = model(tensor)
probabilities = torch.nn.functional.softmax(out[0], dim=0)
# prints: torch.Size([1000])

To get the top-5 predictions class names:

# Get imagenet class mappings
url, filename = ("", "imagenet_classes.txt")
urllib.request.urlretrieve(url, filename) 
with open("imagenet_classes.txt", "r") as f:
    categories = [s.strip() for s in f.readlines()]

# Print top categories per image
top5_prob, top5_catid = torch.topk(probabilities, 5)
for i in range(top5_prob.size(0)):
    print(categories[top5_catid[i]], top5_prob[i].item())
# prints class names and probabilities like:
# [('Samoyed', 0.6425196528434753), ('Pomeranian', 0.04062102362513542), ('keeshond', 0.03186424449086189), ('white wolf', 0.01739676296710968), ('Eskimo dog', 0.011717947199940681)]

Replace the model name with the variant you want to use, e.g. resnet18. You can find the IDs in the model summaries at the top of this page.

To extract image features with this model, follow the timm feature extraction examples, just change the name of the model you want to use.

How do I finetune this model?

You can finetune any of the pre-trained models just by changing the classifier (the last layer).

model = timm.create_model('resnet18', pretrained=True, num_classes=NUM_FINETUNE_CLASSES)
To finetune on your own dataset, you have to write a training loop or adapt timm's training script to use your dataset.

How do I train this model?

You can follow the timm recipe scripts for training a new model afresh.


  author    = {Kaiming He and
               Xiangyu Zhang and
               Shaoqing Ren and
               Jian Sun},
  title     = {Deep Residual Learning for Image Recognition},
  journal   = {CoRR},
  volume    = {abs/1512.03385},
  year      = {2015},
  url       = {},
  archivePrefix = {arXiv},
  eprint    = {1512.03385},
  timestamp = {Wed, 17 Apr 2019 17:23:45 +0200},
  biburl    = {},
  bibsource = {dblp computer science bibliography,}