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DenseNet is a type of convolutional neural network that utilises dense connections between layers, through Dense Blocks, where we connect all layers (with matching feature-map sizes) directly with each other. To preserve the feed-forward nature, each layer obtains additional inputs from all preceding layers and passes on its own feature-maps to all subsequent layers.

The DenseNet Blur variant in this collection by Ross Wightman employs Blur Pooling

How do I use this model on an image?

To load a pretrained model:

import timm
model = timm.create_model('densenet121', pretrained=True)

To load and preprocess the image:

import urllib
from PIL import Image
from import resolve_data_config
from import create_transform

config = resolve_data_config({}, model=model)
transform = create_transform(**config)

url, filename = ("", "dog.jpg")
urllib.request.urlretrieve(url, filename)
img ='RGB')
tensor = transform(img).unsqueeze(0) # transform and add batch dimension

To get the model predictions:

import torch
with torch.no_grad():
    out = model(tensor)
probabilities = torch.nn.functional.softmax(out[0], dim=0)
# prints: torch.Size([1000])

To get the top-5 predictions class names:

# Get imagenet class mappings
url, filename = ("", "imagenet_classes.txt")
urllib.request.urlretrieve(url, filename) 
with open("imagenet_classes.txt", "r") as f:
    categories = [s.strip() for s in f.readlines()]

# Print top categories per image
top5_prob, top5_catid = torch.topk(probabilities, 5)
for i in range(top5_prob.size(0)):
    print(categories[top5_catid[i]], top5_prob[i].item())
# prints class names and probabilities like:
# [('Samoyed', 0.6425196528434753), ('Pomeranian', 0.04062102362513542), ('keeshond', 0.03186424449086189), ('white wolf', 0.01739676296710968), ('Eskimo dog', 0.011717947199940681)]

Replace the model name with the variant you want to use, e.g. densenet121. You can find the IDs in the model summaries at the top of this page.

To extract image features with this model, follow the timm feature extraction examples, just change the name of the model you want to use.

How do I finetune this model?

You can finetune any of the pre-trained models just by changing the classifier (the last layer).

model = timm.create_model('densenet121', pretrained=True, num_classes=NUM_FINETUNE_CLASSES)
To finetune on your own dataset, you have to write a training loop or adapt timm's training script to use your dataset.

How do I train this model?

You can follow the timm recipe scripts for training a new model afresh.


  author    = {Gao Huang and
               Zhuang Liu and
               Kilian Q. Weinberger},
  title     = {Densely Connected Convolutional Networks},
  journal   = {CoRR},
  volume    = {abs/1608.06993},
  year      = {2016},
  url       = {},
  archivePrefix = {arXiv},
  eprint    = {1608.06993},
  timestamp = {Mon, 10 Sep 2018 15:49:32 +0200},
  biburl    = {},
  bibsource = {dblp computer science bibliography,}
  author = {Ross Wightman},
  title = {PyTorch Image Models},
  year = {2019},
  publisher = {GitHub},
  journal = {GitHub repository},
  doi = {10.5281/zenodo.4414861},
  howpublished = {\url{}}